Medical Oncology

What is Medical Oncology and How Does it Work?

Medical oncology uses chemotherapy, biological agents, or other medications, such as targeted therapies and oral (in pill form) chemotherapy, to treat cancer. Chemotherapy can be used alone or as part of a cancer treatment plan that may also include radiation therapy, surgery, hormonal, or biological therapies. It may be used in an effort to cure cancer, or to treat unpleasant symptoms the cancer is causing, such as pain or bleeding. Depending on the type of treatment used, patients may receive treatment in a single day, several consecutive days, or continuously in an outpatient or inpatient setting. Your treatment time varies, depending on the specific cancer treatment plan.